Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh. Ka Fatiha Khalful Imam par Ek Anokha Munazra.

Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh. Ka Fatiha Khalful Imam par Ek Anokha Munazra.

Ek Din Bahut Se Log Jama Hokar Aaye Ke Qirat Khalful Imam Ke Masle Me Imam Sahaab Se Guftagu Kare.

Imam Sahaab Rh. Ne Kaha “ Itne Aadmiyo Se Mai Tanha Kyun Kar Bahez Kar Sakta Hu , Albatta Yeh Hosakta Hai Ke Aap Is Majme Me Se Kisi Koi Inteqaab Karle , Jo Sab Ki Taraf Se Is Khidmat Ka Kafeel Ho Aur Uski Taqreer Pure Majme Ki Taqreer Samjhi Jaaye”.

Logo Ne Is Baat Ko Manzoor Kar Liya.

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Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh. ka Ek Raafzi ko La-jawaab Kardena.

Sab Se Qawi Kaun ?

Ek Martabah Aap (Imam e Azam Rh. )Se Kisi Raafzi Ne Poocha, “Sab Logon Se Zyadah Qawi Kaun Hai.?”

Imam Abu Haneefah (Rah.) Ne Farmaya: “Hamaare Nazdeek To Hazrat Ali (Raz.) Ke Unhone Jaan Liya Ke Khilafat Hazrat Abu Bakar (Raz.) Ka Haqq Hai To Is Ko Un Ke Suprad Kar Diya Aur

Tum Logon Ke Nazdeek Sab Se Zyadah Qawi Hazrat Abu Bakar (Raz.) Hain Jinhone Ba-Qoul Tumhaare Ali (Raz.) Se Khilafat Ko Jabran Chheen Liya Aur Hazrat Ali (Raz.) Un Se Le Na Sake.” Ye Jawab Sun Kar Wo Raafzi (Shia) La-Jawab Ho Gaya.

[Al-Khairaat Al-Hisaan Fi Manaaqib Al-Imam Abi Haneefah, An-Nu’maan Bin Saabit Pg 129]

Hazrat Imamul Aazam Fil Fuqaha’ Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaih) Ghairo’n Ki Nazar Me

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

Ghair-Muqallid Maulana Dawood Ghaznawi farmate hain ke, “Ek Ajeeb baat hai ke AHL-E-HADEES Umooman MUTSHADDID hote hain, Thhori si baa t per Sakht se Sakht Nuktah Cheeni karte hain.” [Dawood Ghaznavi Page 18]

(1). Maulana Dawood Ghaznavi farmate hain: “A’imma-e-Deen ne Jiski Jo Khidmat ki hai Ummat Qayamat tak unke is Ahsaan se Ahad bar Aa Nahi ho sakti, Hamare Nazdeek A’imma-e-Deen ke liye Jo Shaqs Soo’-e-Zan nahi rakhta hai ya zabaan se unki shaan me Be-Adbi ya Gustakhi ke Alfaz isti’maal karta hai Ye uski Shaqawat Qalbi ki alaamat hai aur Mere Nazdeek uske Soo’-e-Khatmah ka Khauff hai. Hamare nazdeek Aimma-e-Deen ki hidayat wa daraayat per Ummat ka ijma’ hai. [Dawood Ghaznavi Page 373]

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Short Biography Of Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh.

Short Biography Of Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh.

IMAAM E AZAM ABU HANIFAH (R.A.)

Imaam of Imaams; Lamp of the Ummah; Leader of the Jurists and Mujtahideen; Hafize-Hadith Hadhrat Imaam Abu Hanifah (R.A) was a prestigious Mujtahid, Muhaddith, authoritative person, truthfully spoken, abstinent, wise, and pious.

 

A great many Muhadditheen and Hanafi, Shafi’ee, Maaliki and Hanbali Ulamaa are in unison with regards to Imaam Sahib’s strengths and virtues. Thousands of literary works have been compiled by Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.). Amongst the Imaams ‘Imaam-e-Aazam’ (Greatest of the Imaams ) was the address of Imaam Abu Hanifah (RA.) alone. A great group of Ulamaa and Muhadditheen remained the followers of Imaam Abu Hanifah (RA.), and more than half of the Ummah of Prophet Muhammed Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam are, till this day, followers also.

He was born in the era of the Companions . Abstinent, God fearing, generous, knowledgeable and virtuous are all attributes collectively found of Imaam Abu Hanifah (R.A.).

 

His origination is in Kufa, which at the time, was the greatest centre of ahaadith. As, in Kufa thousands of Companions  of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam had resided there; more than one thousand jurists were born in Kufa of which one hundred and fifty were Companions of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. Kufa, was where the ranked Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud  and Hadhrat Abu Huraira had previously resided.

Imaam Sahib’s upbringing and education was achieved in such a reputed educational centre, and he reaped much advantage from the Ulamaa of Haramain.

LINEAGE :Nu’maan ibn Thabit Ibn Zuta Ibn Maah\ lbn Marzubaan. (Difference of opinion lies only in choice of wording not name.)

YEAR & PLACE of BIRTH:80 A.H. Kufa, Iraq.

RENOWNED ADDRESS : Imaam-e-Aazam \ Abu Hanifah (R. A.).

SPECIAL ATTRIBUTE: It has been unanimously agreed that Imaam Abu Hanifah (RA.) was a Taabi‘ee. There are various differing quotes concerning the number of Companions seen by Imaam Sahib. Sahib-e-Ikmaal narrates a total of 26, whilst Hafiz Ibn Hajr quotes 8. The most opposed view is that of Hafiz Almizzi whom has stated 72 Companions (R. A.).

ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE:Primary, basic Islamic teachings were acquired as a child, which were short lived due to Imaam Abu Hanifah’ s father’s death. Subsequently, he supported the family business.

MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD: Silk Merchant.

ADVANCEMENT OF KNOWLEDGE: At the age of 22 years much spare time was spent in debating.In this period of time Imaam Sha’bee (R. A.) advised Imaam Abu Hanifah ( R.A.) to associate himself with a scholar.

Being unable to answer a query regarding the correct Sunnah procedure of divorce, Imaam Abu Hanifah began to join the gatherings of lmam Hammad (R. A), (student of Hadhrat Anas (RA.) ), disposing of his works as a debator. For the next ten consecutive years he remained the student of Imaam Hammad (R.A.). After two years, for a period of two months Imaam Hammad took a sudden leave to Basra ( due to his relative’s death) leaving Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.) to continue his works in Kufa. Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.) remained Imaam Hammad’s student for a further 8 years.

MOST EMINENT TEACHER OF JURISPRUDENCE:

Imaam Hammad (R A)

MOST EMINENT TEACHER OF AHAADEETH:

Imaam Aamir Sha’bi (R. A.).

NO. 0F AHAADEETH ACQUIRED:

4,000 Ahaadeeth in which 2,000 Ahaadeeth from Imaam Hammad ( RA.)alone.

3 PROMINENT PRINCIPLES UPON WHICH IMAAM ABUHANIFAH ACCEPTED AHAADEETH:

1).Since the initial day of hearing the hadith it is remembered in its correct form to the very time of narration.

2). The hadith must have been projected by the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and narrated onwards via wholly reliable persons.

3). Any Ahaadeeth which contradicted the Qur’an or other famous Ahaadeeth were unacceptable.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) TEACHERS:Aamir Ibn Shurahbeel, Sha’abi Kufi, Alqama Ibn Marthad, Ziyaad Ibn Ilaqa, Adi Ibn Thabit, Qataada Basri, Muhammed Ibn Munkadir Madni, Simaak Ibn Harb, Qays Ibn Muslim Kufi, Mansoor Ibn Umar etc. etc.

A SMALL GLIMPSE OF IMAAM ABU HANIFA’S (R.A.) STUDENTS: Qazi Abu Yusuf, Muhammad Ibn Hasan,Zufar Ibn Huzayl, Hammad Ibn Abu Hanifah, Abu Ismat Mugheera Ibn Miqsam,Yunus Ibn Is‘haaq, Abu Bakr Ibn Ayyaash, Abdullah Ibn Mubarak, Ali Ibn Aasim, Ja’ far Ibn Awn, Ubaydullah Ibn Musa etc. etc.

IMAAM ABU HANIFAH’S (R.A.) LITERARY WORKS: ‘Kitaab-ul-Aathar’ – compiled from a total of 70,000 Ahaadeeth, ‘Aalim-wal-muta ‘allim’, ‘Fiqhe Akbar’, ‘Jaami’ul Masaneed’, ‘Kitaabul Rad alal Qaadiriyah’ etc. etc.

IMAAM ABU HANIFAH’S CHARACTERISTICS:

a). Impartiality:Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.) has never accepted a favour from anyone and so was never indebted to anyone.

b). Humanitarian ways& generosity: On seeing Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.) a passer by avoided him andtook a different path. When Imaam Abu Hanifah (R.A.) questioned as to why he did so, he replied that he was ashamed of himself as he was Imaam Abu Hanifah’s debtor of 10 000 Dirhams. The man’s humbleness over took Imaam Abu Hanifah (R.A.) and so he forgave the repayment of the debt.

c).Kind heartedness:Once, whilst sitting in a Masjid Imaam Sahib learnt of someone who had fallen from a roof. Immediately, Imaam Sahib departed from the gathering, barefooted, and ran to the place of accident. Until the injured recovered, Imaam Sahib paid daily visits to nurse him.

d). Disposition : Imaam Sahib would never speak unless it was necessary to do so. Someone mentioned before Sufyan Thawri (R.A.) that he had never heard Imaam Sahib back biting. Sufyan (R.A.) replied, “Abu Hanifah (R.A.) is not such a fool that he will destroy his own good deeds.”

e). Abstinence & God Fearing Ways:

i). Sharik has stated, “I have never once observed Imaam Abu Hanifah reposing within the nights hours.”

ii). Abu Nu’aym states, “Even before observing salaah Imaam Hanifah (R. A.) would weep and supplicate before Allah.”

iii). There is no such Surah within the Qur’an which I have not recited during Nafl prayers.” – Abu Hanifah (R. A.)

iv). Kharija lbn Mus’ab has stated that 4 religious leaders have completed the recitation of the entire Qur’an in one rakaah of salaah alone. Uthmaan Ibn Affaan (RA.), Tameen Daari (RA.), Sa’eed Ibn Jubair (R. A.) and Imaam Abu Hanifah (R. A.).

v). There was once acknowledgment of a stolen sheep. Imaam Abu Hanifah inquired and researched as to how long a sheep lives. After finding out, he never ate sheep for 7 years, fearing that the meat may be from the stolen sheep.

vi). For 40 consecutive years Imaam Sahib observed a nocturnal practice of performing Fajr salaah with the ablution of Esha.

NO. 0F QUR’AN’S COMPLETED IN RAMADHAAN : 60

NO. OF PILGRIMAGES OBSERVED IN LIFETIME : 55

TRIALS & TRIBULATIONS:

Trial No.1:During the reign of Ibn Hubaira Imaam Abu Hanifah ( R.A.) rejected his request of the post of Chief Justice. (AsImaam Sahib did not want to collaborate with the corrupt).

Consequence of Rejection Tormented by passing through the city mounted upon a horse, whereby he was whipped 10 times a day for eleven consecutive days.

Trial No.2:During the reign of Abu Jaafar Mansoor again the above request was pledged, yet again rejected.

Consequence of Rejection No.2: Imprisoned and violently beaten.

Prolongation of Trial: KhalifaAbu Ja’far Mansoor again urged that Imaam Sahib should reconsider. Finally, Imaam Sahib swore by Allah that he would not accept.

Consequence: Imaam Sahib was lashed, shirtless 30 times, drawing blood that seeped to his heels. He was again imprisoned, with restricted rations for 15 days, after which he was forcefully made to drink a poison that led to his martyrdom.

STATE OF DEATH:In the state of prostration.

AGE & DATE OF DEATH: 70 years of age : 150 A.H. in the month of Rajab. (others have stated Sha’baan andShawwaal also).

BURIAL: Six Janaazah salaah were conducted in order to cater for more than

50,000 people whom had collected. His son, and only child; Hammad, lead the last Janazah salaah.

Golden Advice of Imam Abu Hanifah for Ramadan.

Golden Advice of Imam Abu Hanifah for Ramadan :

Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi narrates:

Al-Jawhari reported to us: He said: Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Abhari reported to us: He said: Abu ‘Arubah al-Harrani narrated to us: He said: Sulayman ibn Sayf narrated to us: He said: I heard Abu ‘Asim al-Nabil say:

“A man said to Abu Hanifah: ‘When is eating prohibited for a fasting person?’ He said: ‘When dawn comes.’ Then the questioner said to him: ‘And if the middle of the night comes?’ Thereupon, Abu Hanifah said to him: ‘Stand up [in prayer] O lame one!’” (Tarikh Baghdad 15:481-2)

Dr. Bashshar ‘Awwad Ma‘ruf comments: “Its isnad is sahih.”

Tahajjud (the night-prayer) is a highly recommended Salah, particularly in the month of Ramadan. It is described as “the way of the righteous” in hadith and as an expiation for sins and a safeguard against wrongdoing. Since Muslims should generally be awake for the pre-dawn meal (suhur), there should be no difficulty in praying a minimum of two rak’ahs of Tahajjud Salah during the nights of Ramadan. We should all, insha Allah, make a resolve to act on this golden advice of Imam Abu Hanifah for the coming Ramadan, and ask Allah to make it easy for us.

Status of Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh. (Part 1)

 Status of Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh. (Part 1)

Status of Imam e Azam Abu Hanifa Rh.

IMAM E AZAM ABU HANIFA ؒ –  THE TABI’EE (ONE WHO SAW OR

MET THE COMPANIONS OF THE PROPHET ﷺ )

From the scholars of the past there are 4 outstanding scholars through whom Allah benefited the Ummah immensely. From these four Imams, only Imam Abu Hanifa Noman bin Thabit  Rh had the honour and privilege of meeting the Companions of the Prophet .

Hafiz ibn Hajar Al Asqalani  Rh.(d:852H) stated: ‘Imam Abu Hanifa Rh. was born in the year 80 Hjiri. At that time, Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa (d:87H) was residing in Kufah.

Allamah Zahabi Rh.d:748H) writes: ‘When Sayyidina Anas bin Malik (d:93H) came to Kufah, Imam Abu Hanifa Rh.met and sat in his company many times’. (Tazkiratul Huffaz, vol1, p147/ Tehzeeb ut Tehzeeb, vol10, p449)

Hafiz ibn Kathir Rh. (d:774H) writes: ‘Imam Abu Hanifa Rh. saw Sayyidina Anas bin Malik . Some scholars state that Imam Abu Hanifa Rh.attained Hadith from 7 Companions of the Prophet ’. (Al Bidayah wal Nihayah, vol 10, p107)

Allamah Suyuti Rh.has written in his book ‘Tabyeedul Sahifa’ the narrations from these 7 Companions (The 7 Companions mentioned are: Sayyidina Anas bin Malik , Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa , Sayyidina Abdullah bin Harith , Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Unays (d:94H), Sayyidina Wathila bin Asq’a , Sayyidah Ayesha bint Ajrad , Sayyidina Muaqal bin Yasar . (Dars SunanTirmidhi, vol1, p92)

An example of the Hadith related from Anas bin Malik : Imam Abu Hanifa  relates from Sayyidina Anas bin Malik from the Prophet . He said: ‘The seeking of knowledge is incumbent upon every Muslim.’ (Tabyeedul Sahifa bi Manaqib Imam Abu Hanifa).

Imam Abu Hanifa Rh. met other Sahabah Companions ; Sayyidina Malik bin Huwayrith (d:94H), Sayyidina Mahmood bin Labeed (d:99H), Sayyidina Sahl bin Haneef (d:100H), Sayyidina Harmaas bin Ziyad Al Bahili (d:102H), Sayyidina Abu Tafayl Aamil bin Wathila (d:110H).

Allamah ibn Hajar Makki Shafi’ Rh. (d:975H) writes: ‘Imam Abu Hanifa Rh. was from amongst the senior of the Tabi’een. About this group Allah says: ‘also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him..’ (s9,v100). This was an honour and favour which Allah bestowed upon Imam Abu Hanifa Rh.  (Al Khairatul Hasaan, p51)

Innumerable Muhaddith and scholars of the past have recorded the fact of Imam Abu Hanifa Rh. from being amongst the Tabi’een. (Tazkira Muhaditheen, vol 1, p5).

May Allah safeguard all of us from speaking ill of any great scholar of the past, and may he give us the ability to follow in the footsteps of these great personalities so that we may be successful ,

Ameen.